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Standard Practice for Inductive Wear Debris Sensors in Gearbox and Drivetrain ApplicationsTranslate name
STANDARD published on 1.10.2018
Designation standards: ASTM D7917-14(2018)
Publication date standards: 1.10.2018
The number of pages: 11
Approximate weight : 33 g (0.07 lbs)
Country: American technical standard
Category: Technical standards ASTM
bearings, gears, online metallic debris sensors, online oil debris sensors, sensors, wear, wind turbines,, ICS Number Code 17.220.20 (Measurement of electrical and magnetic quantities)
|Significance and Use|
5.1 This practice is intended for the application of online, full-flow, or slip-stream sampling of wear debris via inductive sensors for gearbox and drivetrain applications.
5.2 Periodic sampling and analysis of lubricants have long been used as a means to determine overall machinery health. The implementation of smaller oil filter pore sizes for machinery has reduced the effectiveness of sampled oil analysis for determining abnormal wear prior to severe damage. In addition, sampled oil analysis for equipment that is remote or otherwise difficult to monitor or access is not always sufficient or practical. For these machinery systems, in-line wear debris sensors can be very useful to provide real-time and near-real-time condition monitoring data.
5.3 Online inductive debris sensors have demonstrated the capability to detect and quantify both ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic metallic wear debris (5.4 The key advantage of online metallic debris sensors is the ability to detect early bearing and gear damage and to quantify the severity of damage and rate of progression toward failure. Sensor capabilities are summarized as follows:
5.4.1 Can detect both ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic metallic wear debris.
5.4.2 Can detect 95 % or more of metallic wear debris above some minimum particle size threshold.
5.4.3 Can count and size wear debris detected.
5.4.4 Can provide total mass loss.
Note 1: Mass is an inferred value which assumes the debris is spherical and made of a specific grade of steel.
5.4.5 Can provide algorithms for RUL warnings and limits.
5.5 (FIG. 1 Wear Debris Characterization
FIG. 2 Typical Bearing Spall
5.6 Online wear debris monitoring provides a more reliable and timely indication of bearing distress for a number of reasons.
5.6.1 Firstly, bearing failures on rotating machines tend to occur as events often without sufficient warning and could be missed by means of only periodic inspections or data sampling observations.
5.6.2 Secondly, because larger wear metallic debris particles are being detected, there is a lower probability of false indication from the normal rubbing wear that will be associated with smaller particles. And because wear metal debris particles are larger than the filter media, detections are time correlated to wear events and not obscured by unfiltered small particles.
5.6.3 Thirdly, build or residual debris, from manufacturing or maintenance actions, can be differentiated from actual damage debris because the cumulative debris counts recorded due to the former tend to decrease, while those due to the latter tend to increase.
5.6.4 Fourthly, bearing failure tests have shown that wear debris size distribution is independent of bearing size (1.1 This practice covers the minimum requirements for an online inductive sensor system to monitor ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic metallic wear debris present in in-service lubricating fluids residing in gearboxes and drivetrains.
1.2 Metallic wear debris considered in this practice can range in size from 40 μm to greater than 1000 μm of equivalent spherical diameter (ESD).
1.3 This practice is suitable for use with the following lubricants: industrial gear oils, petroleum crankcase oils, polyalkylene glycol, polyol esters, and phosphate esters.
1.4 This practice is for metallic wear debris detection, not oil cleanliness.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5.1 Exception—Subsection uses “G’s”.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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