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Standard Test Method of Measuring Shrinkage from Mold Dimensions of ThermoplasticsTranslate name
STANDARD published on 1.4.2021
Designation standards: ASTM D955-21
Publication date standards: 1.4.2021
The number of pages: 9
Approximate weight : 27 g (0.06 lbs)
Country: American technical standard
Category: Technical standards ASTM
mold shrinkage, shrinkage, thermoplastics,, ICS Number Code 83.140.10 (Films and sheets)
|Significance and Use|
5.1Injection MoldingIn injection molding, the difference between the dimensions of a mold cavity and of the molded specimen may vary according to the design of the mold and operation of the molding process. Factors such as mold and melt temperature, fill times, and packing conditions are known to affect shrinkage significantly. Adherence to the specified mold design (see ) and specifications outlined in Practice or ISO 294-4 or the appropriate material specification will improve the reproducibility of the test.
5.2Compression MoldingIn compression molding, the difference between the dimensions of a mold cavity and of the molded specimen may vary according to the design of the mold and operation of the molding process. Factors, such as the amount of material in charge, cooling time, and pressure application are known to affect shrinkage significantly. Adherence to the specified mold design (see ) and specifications outlined in Practice or ISO 293 or the appropriate material specifications will improve the reproducibility of the test.
1.1This test method is intended to measure shrinkage from mold cavity to molded dimensions of thermoplastics when molded by compression or injection processes with specified process conditions.
1.2This test method covers shrinkage measurements at 24 and 48 hours.
1.3This method will give comparable data based on standard specimens and can not predict absolute values in actual molded parts with varying flow paths, wall thicknesses, pressure and temperature gradients and process conditions. Differences in mold shrinkage may also be observed among the three specimen geometries described in this test method.
1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are given for information only.
1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1:This standard and ISO 294-3 are equivalent in the design of specimen D2. This test method is equivalent to ISO 294-4 where Type D2 specimens and the procedure in are used.
1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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