Standard Guide for Selection of Resident Species as Test Organisms for Aquatic and Sediment Toxicity TestsTranslate name
STANDARD published on 1.2.2019
Designation standards: ASTM E1850-04(2019)
Publication date standards: 1.2.2019
The number of pages: 14
Approximate weight : 42 g (0.09 lbs)
Country: American technical standard
Category: Technical standards ASTM
aquatic toxicity testing, bioassessment, indigenous species, resident species, sediment toxicity testing, site-specific monitoring,, ICS Number Code 13.060.45 (Examination of water in general)
|Significance and Use|
5.1 The USEPA's policy for whole-effluent monitoring stresses, an integrated approach to toxicity testing 5.2 This guide is intended to assist researchers and managers in selecting appropriate resident species for site-specific toxicity assessments. This guide could be used to select a resident species for use in predicting the potential toxic effects of a substance in certain types of aquatic environments. Another use might be for selecting a number of indigenous species from the aquatic community, that when tested, might indicate potential toxic effects of the test substance or material on the ecological integrity of that community. Selection of a suitable test species is very important because species might respond quite differently to toxic compounds 5.3 This guide can be used in the selection of representative test species for certain site-specific assessments, such as the Resident-Species Criteria Modification Procedure 5.4 This guide can be used as a general framework for researchers who desire to develop or modify existing toxicity test methods for previously untested species.
5.5 Researchers in countries other than the United States and Canada might obtain useful information from this guide regarding potential test species or test methods for sites of local interest.
1.1 This guide along with Guide and guidance from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (, ) covers the use of resident species in toxicity testing, particularly if site-specific information is desired. For example, in those systems where particular species are considered to be economically or aesthetically important, it might be more appropriate to utilize resident species for testing (. For this reason, the USEPA allows development of site-specific chemical standards, using resident species, in order to reflect local conditions )(. This guide is designed to guide the selection of resident species for use as test organisms in aquatic and sediment toxicity tests. It presupposes that the user is familiar with the taxonomy of aquatic and benthic species and has some field experience. )
1.2 Because toxicological information is often limited for many aquatic species, it is assumed that the majority of testing applications will be acute tests. Therefore, much of the guidance presented in this guide pertaining to the species selection process is applicable when acute toxicity testing is the desired goal. However, the principles discussed in this guide pertain to chronic toxicity test applications as well, although it should be clearly understood that such testing requires substantially greater effort, time, and resources than acute testing.
1.3 The procedures for selecting resident species in toxicity testing are necessarily general at this time because information is often lacking for specific taxa or groups of taxa. This guide attempts to give specific information when appropriate.
1.4 This guide is not intended to be inclusive. References listed provide a starting point from which to approach the literature. This guide deals solely with aquatic toxicity test situations. Terrestrial, arboreal, or atmospheric species are not considered in this guide.
1.5 This guide is arranged as follows:
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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