Standard Reference Radiographs of Investment Steel Castings for Aerospace ApplicationsTranslate name
STANDARD published on 1.12.2020
Designation standards: ASTM E192-20
Publication date standards: 1.12.2020
The number of pages: 4
Approximate weight : 12 g (0.03 lbs)
Country: American technical standard
Category: Technical standards ASTM
aerospace, discontinuities, investment castings, reference radiographs, steel, X-ray ,, ICS Number Code 49.025.10 (Steels)
Reference Radiographs for E192 Investment Steel Castings of Aerospace Applications + Active StandardSelected format:
1.1ï¿½The reference radiographs provided in the adjunct to this standard illustrate various types and degrees of discontinuities occurring in thin-wall steel investment castings. Use of this standard for the specification or grading of castings requires procurement of the adjunct reference radiographs which illustrate the discontinuity types and severity levels. They are intended to provide the following:
1.1.1ï¿½A guide enabling recognition of thin-wall steel casting discontinuities and their differentiation both as to type and degree through radiographic examination.
1.1.2ï¿½Example radiographic illustrations of discontinuities and a nomenclature for reference in acceptance standards, specifications, and drawings.
1.2ï¿½Two illustration categories are covered as follows:
1.2.1ï¿½Gradedâ€”Six common discontinuity types each illustrated in eight degrees of progressively increasing severity.
1.2.2ï¿½Ungradedâ€”Twelve single illustrations of additional discontinuity types and of patterns and imperfections not generally regarded as discontinuities.
1.3ï¿½The reference radiographs were developed for casting sections up to 1 in. (25.4 mm) in thickness.
1.4ï¿½This document may be used where there is no other applicable document existing or for other material thicknesses for which it is found to be applicable and for which agreement has been reached between the purchaser and manufacturer.
Note 1:ï¿½The set of reference radiographs, produced with X-rays in the range from 130 to 250â€‰kVp, consist of 16 plates (81/2ï¿½by 11â€‰in. (216 by 279â€‰mm)) in a 93/4ï¿½by 111/2ï¿½in. (248 by 292â€‰mm) ring binder.
1.5ï¿½From time to time, there may be minor changes to the process for manufacturing of the reference radiograph adjunct materials. These changes could include changes in the films or processing chemicals used, changes in the dies or printing for the cardboard mats, etc.; however, in all cases, these changes are reviewed by the Illustration Monitoring Subcommittee and all reference radiographs are reviewed against a fixed prototype image to ensure that there are no changes to the acceptance level represented by the reference radiographs. Therefore, the adjunct reference radiographs remain valid for use with this standard regardless of the date of production or the revision level of the text standard.
1.6ï¿½These film reference radiographs are not intended to illustrate the types and degrees of discontinuities found in aerospace investment castings when performing digital X-ray imaging. When performing digital X-ray imaging of these castings, refer to Digital Reference Images .
1.7ï¿½Unitsâ€”The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.8ï¿½This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.9ï¿½This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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